US Constitution for sale | Boing Boing:

A first printing of the United States Constitution is headed to auction in November. It’s one of just eleven known copies of the 500 printed for the Constitutional Convention and Continental Congress back in 1787, and the only one still privately-owned.

It’s probably good that Lord Dampnut is functionally broke, or we’d be seeing this show up on Faux News with a bunch of new ammendments in sharpie that suddenly prove he actually won.

I did a spit-take on the title, as it’s true in too many ways…

A talk show host on why rich republicans want us to hate the word “antifa” in witty video | Boing Boing:

While Republicans have turned “antifa” into a dirty word, with such success that most on the left won’t go near it, the San Francisco KGO commentator does the opposite, embracing it with gusto. He reminds us what fascists are (when the rich sector of a party “changes the law, making it impossible for you to vote”), then points to the poor sector of the same party: “Now these Republicans, I don’t know what the fuck they’re thinking.” This group, he explains, are bamboozled by the anti-anti-fascist movement of the right to their own demise.”

In the years since I switched from smoking to vaping, I have noticed significant improvements in my health. I breath easier when walking, for example.

The people trying to destroy vaping as a replacement to smoking are going to create a new generation of smokers… And if I can’t have access to the kind of nicotine salts that have replaced my smoking, I’ll likely go back to smoking.

FDA decision Thursday could reshape vaping industy:

E-Cigarette%20vaporizer%20components%20and%20products%20are%20displayed%20at%20Smoke%20and%20Gift%20Shop%20on%20June%2025%2C%202019%20in%20San%20Francisco%2C%20California.

E-Cigarette vaporizer components and products are displayed at Smoke and Gift Shop on June 25, 2019 in San Francisco, California.
E-Cigarette vaporizer components and products are displayed at Smoke and Gift Shop on June 25, 2019 in San Francisco, Calif.
Justin Sullivan | Getty Images

A monumental set of decisions is expected Thursday from the Food and Drug Administration that could reshape the tobacco industry for years to come by limiting, or altogether blocking, the sale of millions of e-cigarette products.

Though the FDA has long regulated the marketing and sale of traditional tobacco products like cigarettes, the agency had long not required the same scrutiny of vapes, allowing a market to flourish.

Now, more than 6 percent of American adults — and one in five high school students — say they vape. The industry has ballooned to more than $6 billion in size, led by the industry giant Juul, which controls about 40 percent of the market.

The imminent decisions by the FDA could impact almost all of that. About 6.5 million products made by more than 500 companies are under evaluation about whether they are "appropriate for the protection of public health."

If the agency finds that they are not, companies could be required to pull their products — including rechargeable vape pens, disposable e-cigarettes and the liquids that fill them — from the market.

"I'm guessing that the decisions over the next couple of days will result in a fundamental change in the e-cigarette market," said Matthew L. Myers, president of the Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids.

The FDA is looking closely at the health effects of e-cigarettes

E-cigarette companies, including Juul, argue that their products are safer than traditional tobacco products like cigarettes.

Though vaping allows users to avoid some of the harmful carcinogens caused by smoking traditional cigarettes, studies have found that e-cigarettes are still harmful.

Inhaling the vaporized oil introduces harmful chemicals into the lungs, including vitamin E acetate. Dozens of people have died in recent years from vaping complications in the U.S., and thousands more have been hospitalized.

Additionally, virtually all e-cigarette products contain nicotine, some in very high levels — including Juul's 5% pods, each of which contains as much nicotine as an entire pack of cigarettes. Nicotine affects prenatal and adolescent brain development, making it dangerous for both teenagers and pregnant people to vape.

"If any e-cigarette could actually help a smoker quit, they would apply to be a drug through other pathways that the FDA [has], and they would demonstrate that they are safe and effective in helping smokers quit," said Erika Sward of the American Lung Association, which has advocated for the denial of all applications to the FDA for any flavored tobacco product.

"Instead, what we've seen is another generation of kids addicted and a whole situation where we have millions of smokers — who might otherwise try to end their addiction — try to use this product," she said.

The FDA's decisions are due Thursday, but it's not clear yet what they'll decide

In 2019, a federal judge ordered e-cigarette manufacturers to submit applications to the FDA by 2020. Their products would be allowed to remain on the market for one year while the agency reviewed them. That year-long deadline is up Thursday.

The agency may not respond to every application by Thursday’s deadline. It has said it will prioritize based on market share, meaning companies like like Juul, along with British American Tobacco and Imperial Brands, which respectively own the brands Vype and blu, may face decisions as soon as Thursday.

Possibilities range from a major crackdown on virtually all vape products to a more targeted approach, perhaps blocking the sale of flavored products or disposable e-cigarettes, or creating marketing rules similar to those that govern traditional cigarettes.

"If they approve any of these, they definitely will have restrictions on both marketing and some of the product design that will be [intended] to reduce youth initiation and use," said Kathleen Hoke, a professor of public health law at the University of Maryland.

Last month, the agency made its first set of marketing denials for some 55,000 flavored vape products from three companies, ordering them to pull their products from the market. It has also denied applications for companies marketing flavors designed to appeal to kids such as Apple Crumble and Cinnamon Toast Cereal.

Regulators said the applications from its first set of denials "lacked sufficient evidence" that any benefit to adult smokers outweighed "the public health threat posed by the well-documented, alarming levels of youth use of such products."

Some researchers worry that a major crackdown on Juul and other manufacturers will simply send teenagers reaching for traditional cigarettes instead.

"I think it would be a public health disaster," said Dr. Michael Siegel, a researcher at Tufts University who studies youth tobacco and alcohol use. "Vaping is not causing a culture of smoking. It's actually replacing that culture."

Youth smoking rates have fallen dramatically in recent years as vaping has exploded in popularity. But other researchers are skeptical the trend would reverse.

"Whether those people chose to choose to go back to a cigarette that tastes like a cigarette or a vape product that tastes like a cigarette, I think is anyone's guess," said Hoke.

Copyright 2021 NPR. To see more, visit https://www.npr.org.

Online Trolls Also Jerks in Real Life: Aarhus University Study:

Instead, their data pointed to online interactions largely mirroring offline behavior, with people predisposed to aggressive, status-seeking behavior just as unpleasant in person as behind a veil of online anonymity, and choosing to be jerks as part of a deliberate strategy rather than as a consequence of the format involved.

7 hurt after 2 people exchange gunfire in Minneapolis:

I think I have figured out what all shootings have in common: guns.

And places that have fewer guns have fewer shootings (without a proportional increase in non-gun killings).

Seven people were injured, including one critically, after two people began shooting at each other outside a business in Minneapolis’ Uptown neighborhood early Thursday, police said.

Police said the shootout happened at about 12:30 a.m. Thursday on the 3000 block of Lyndale Avenue South, a prominent thoroughfare in the city.

Police arrived to find what they called “a very chaotic scene." Three people at the scene had gunshot wounds. Officers were told that three others had been taken to an area hospital before police arrived, and a fourth person showed up at another hospital with gunshot wounds. All seven are expected to survive.

Investigators are working to determine if the injured people were suspects, intended targets or innocent bystanders. Police did not say what might have motivated the shooting.

Living Wage Calculator – Living Wage Calculation for Hennepin County, Minnesota:

The living wage shown is the hourly rate that an individual in a household must earn to support his or herself and their family. The assumption is the sole provider is working full-time (2080 hours per year). The tool provides information for individuals, and households with one or two working adults and zero to three children. In the case of households with two working adults, all values are per working adult, single or in a family unless otherwise noted.

Afghanistan pullout: Biden’s biggest call yet – will it be his most calamitous? – BBC News:

Afghanistan… The decision of the President to withdraw from the region is no doubt hard, but I think there’s good reason to understand that lasting change there can’t be made from the outside.

As a mystery reader/viewer, I was … struck… when watching Sherlock the first time, specifically for how little one thing had changed.

“Nothing of the sort. I knew you came from Afghanistan. From long habit the train of thoughts ran so swiftly through my mind, that I arrived at the conclusion without being conscious of intermediate steps. There were such steps, however. The train of reasoning ran, ‘Here is a gentleman of a medical type, but with the air of a military man. Clearly an army doctor, then. He has just come from the tropics, for his face is dark, and that is not the natural tint of his skin, for his wrists are fair. He has undergone hardship and sickness, as his haggard face says clearly. His left arm has been injured. He holds it in a stiff and unnatural manner. Where in the tropics could an English army doctor have seen much hardship and got his arm wounded? Clearly in Afghanistan.’ The whole train of thought did not occupy a second. I then remarked that you came from Afghanistan, and you were astonished.”

A Study in Scarlet, Arthur Conan Doyle

I didn’t know, I saw.
Your haircut, the way you hold yourself says military. But your conversation…
Bit different from my day.
…said trained at Barts –
so Army doctor, obvious.
Your face is tanned… but no tan above the wrists.
You’ve been abroad, but not sunbathing.
Your limp’s bad when you walk, but you don’t ask for a chair when you stand, like you’ve forgotten about it, so it’s at least partly psychosomatic.
That says the original circumstances of the injury were traumatic.
Wounded in action, then. Wounded in action, suntan – Afghanistan or Iraq.

Sherlock – s1e1 – A Study in Pink

It’s a neat narrative trick, but it belies… Over a hundred years different, but embroiled in essentially the same conflict.

Plymouth shooting: Who can own a firearm or shotgun in the UK? – BBC News:

Clearly something there is working.

Mass shootings are extremely rare in the UK. Before this year, there had been four in modern times – the last one was in Cumbria in 2010, when a gunman killed 12 people.
Meanwhile, in 2019 alone, there were 417 shootings in the US where at least four people were shot.

The U.S.’s Deep Partisan Divide on COVID Vaccinations:

The Hill, reporting on a new Fox News poll:

32 percent of Trump voters say they have no plans to receive one
of the three coronavirus vaccines available in the U.S., compared
to only 3 percent of Biden voters, the poll found.

86 percent of Biden voters say they’ve already been vaccinated,
while 54 percent of Trump voters said the same.

The Republican Party is a death cult. There’s no other way to put it.

And the one person who could most affect this — a man who himself was vaccinated as soon as possible — refuses to say a word.

Jen Psaki zings Doocy and Trump in one fell swoop | Boing Boing:

While on the subject of New York Gov. Andrew Cuomo’s sexual harassment allegations, Doocy, who had already asked several questions on the subject, decided to press on. “Does the administration want the Justice Department to initiate a civil rights investigation into these harassment allegations revealed today?” 

With many other reporters in the room waiting for their turn, the press secretary made a decision: the driest of Psaki bombs was in order. “We do something new here that feels foreign from the last four years and allow the Justice Department to act independently on investigations.” Deadpan at its finest.